Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) [SIR-sis kan-ah-DEN-sis]

Other Names Judas Tree, Love Tree
Family Fabaceae
Description

The showy rose-purple flowers of this small tree are one of the first signs of spring, opening a couple of weeks before its leaves come. Leaves start with a purplish color before maturing to dark green. In the wild, eastern redbud is typically an understory tree. There are a number of cultivars, including Cercis canadensis 'Alba' (white flowers), Cercis canadensis 'Lavendar Twist' (weeping form), Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' (purple leaves), Cercis canadensis 'Hearts of Gold' (yellow leaves).

Named Cultivars Cercis canadensis 'Ace of Hearts', Cercis canadensis 'Alley Cat', Cercis canadensis 'Appalachian Red', Cercis canadensis 'Cascading Hearts', Cercis canadensis 'Columbus Strain', Cercis canadensis 'Covey', Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy', Cercis canadensis 'Greswan' BURGUNDY HEARTS, Cercis canadensis 'Hearts of Gold', Cercis canadensis 'JN7' SUMMER'S TOWER, Cercis canadensis 'Little Woody', Cercis canadensis 'MN Strain', Cercis canadensis 'Morton', Cercis canadensis 'Northern Strain', Cercis canadensis 'Pauline Lily', Cercis canadensis 'Pink Heartbreaker', Cercis canadensis 'Pink Pom Poms', Cercis canadensis 'Ruby Falls', Cercis canadensis 'Silver Cloud', Cercis canadensis 'Tennessee Pink', Cercis canadensis 'The Rising Sun', Cercis canadensis 'Vanilla Twist', Cercis canadensis f. alba, Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Plant Data
I am a... Deciduous Perennial Tree
Where to Find It There are three redbuds between the east and central paths relatively close to the south end of the woods. They're easiest to see in early spring, when their pink/purple flowers stand out.
How to Recognize It Redbuds are unmistakable in early spring, as the purple buds emerge directly on the branches and open into pink flowers. The leaves are distinctively heart-shaped, turning yellow in fall. As an understory forest tree, the branch structure is often graceful and spreading, while in full sun in our yards they can be so dense as to be impenetrable. The smaller branches typically twist somewhat one way then the other.
Why to Like Before coming to the garden, Eastern Redbud were understory trees. As in our yards, Redbuds provide an early season burst of color. Many animals and birds eat the seeds, especially in winter when they frequently remain on the tree. The flowers are important component of the production of honey.
Mature Size 20 - 30 feet tall. 20 - 30 feet wide.
Growth Rate Moderate
Sun Exposure Part Shade - Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance Medium : Prefers average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out.
Zones 4a - 9b
Tags Deer-Resistant; Clay Soil; Black Walnut Accent Trees, Bareroot Trees, Fast Growing Trees, Flowering Trees, Ornamental Trees, Small Yard Trees
Bloom Period Early Spring (First Bloom: 191 GDD, Full Bloom: 245 GDD)
Flower Color Rose-Purple
Foliage Color Purplish Green
Animals That Use It

Nectar:

Seeds:

 
Data Sheets
 
Links

Eastern Redbud, Cercis canadensis (University of Wisconsin-Extension)
A very detailed introduction to the Eastern Redbud [e,d]

   In the Landscape Focused on the Plant Leaves Flowers Fruit Fall Leaf Winter Form
 
 

More Photos: Google Image Search & Flickr

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